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Den Haag 11/09/17-Class summary
14-09-2017
21:03
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Caro
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Homework
1- possessives: give exemple with 5 nouns masc. + 5 nouns fem. (use list in Al-Kitab)
2- give 3 sentences w/ preposition عند and لِ
3- translate in arabic: 2 blue eyes
4- Rewrite the description about myself
5- Tell sthg about my apartment

Summary:
Explanation of way to write some letters;
Correction of 2 homework + translation given of the 2 words (often غالبا, match لعبة/game مباراة );
Translation corrected "brushing my teeth" يٌنِظِّف, "class room" الفصل, "I have 2 brothers" عندي ا خان, "I am the youngest of them" أصغرهم; "I am the only girl" انا الوحيدة;

Rule : the verb at first place in sentence;
Explanation about how was formed ة = ت + O
when a word finishing with ة gets a suffix, the ة becomes "open" = ت followed by the suffix.

Rule about hierarchy of punctuation ("rule of hotels"/stars): order from lower (inferior) to higher (superior) is َ ُ ِ ا و ي (fatah, damma, kasra, alif, wa, ya).

Possessives: all of possessives has damma ُ on the last later of the word except for ي ("my") because ي is superior of all other punctuation. So the word is losing the damma ُ , gets kasra ِ
on the last later of the word. The pronunciation (kasra ِ on last letter + ي as suffix = long "i");
Explanation given on "brother"أخ in singular and "brothers" أخوة in plural;
Rule for dual:
word + .َانِ when subject or يْنِ when object or preposition;
Rule for عند and لِ :
عند when you own the thing (own, you can buy/sell the thing). eg: I have a book;
لِ when you want to express a relationship. eg: I have a family.
Exception: An arabic male will use عند when he will talk about his wife, son(s), daughter(s). Arabic women will use لِ when she will speak about her husband.
The word after عند is NOT object but subject, so the punctuation should be put accordingly = NOT fatah or dubble fatah (.َ or .ً) but damma or dubble damma(.ُ or .ٌ).
adj small (body) same as young (age) صغير
adj big (body) same as old (age) كبير
kadim (old) قديم c/ jedid (new) جديد to use only for things never for human beings

Rule of number with noun:
from 1 to 2 the number is after the noun,
from 3 to 10 the number is before the noun

blue (masc) أزرق, blue (fem) زرقاء, blue (plural) زرق

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